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March 2015 NOVA Magazine
NATURAL HEALTH 21
1. Holtcamp, . 2012.
2. Snedeker, and Hay. 2011
3. Geens et al. 2015,
4. Lang et al. 2008
5. Shankar et al. 2012
6. Wang et al. 2012b
7. Trasande et al. 2012;
8. Wang et al. 2012a;
9. Bhandari et al. 2013;
10. Harley et al. 2013;
11. Li et al. 2013
12. Journal of the American Medical Association.
13. Valvi et al. 2013
14. Harley et al. 2013
15. Dodds 1936
16. Miyawaki et al. 2007;
17. Somm et al. 2009
18. Tang-Peronard et al. 2011
19. Delvaux et al. 2014
20. Valvi, D.et al, 2011
21. Warner et al. 2014.
22. Twum and Wei. Volume 26, Issue 3, Pages
23. Starling et al. 2014.
24. Yanagisawa et al. Environ Health Perspect.
25. Kim and Park 2014.
26. Grun 2014.
27. Zhenghong Zuo et al. 2011
28. Garciafigueroa et al. 2013.
29. Delvaux et al. 2014
30. Rajagopalan. Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis,
and Vascular Biology. December
31. Environ Health Perspect. DOI:10.1289/
32. Brook et al. 2013
Arsenic inhibits adipocyte differentiation
and promotes insulin resistance; it
also alters gene signaling for aberrant
lipid storage and metabolism that
may contribute to the pathogenesis
of metabolic disease caused by
environmental arsenic exposures28.
Similarly, a study of environmental
contaminants in 114 seven to nine year
old Flemish children found a negative
association between cadmium and
abdominal and subcutaneous fat29.
In a study of hypertensive rats,
researchers found that short-term
exposure to air pollution, over a 10
week period, elevates blood pressure
in rats already predisposed to the
condition30. A nother animal study
from the same group found that early
exposure to ultrafine particulates led to
the accumulation of abdominal fat and
insulin resistance in mice even if they
ate a normal diet30. The study compared
mice fed a high fat diet with those fed
a normal, healthy diet, and exposed
some members of both groups daily to
ultrafine particulate matter, controlling
for all other factors. In the end, all
of the mice exposed to air pollution,
including those fed a normal diet, had
increased abdominal and subcutaneous
fat. These findings suggest that fine
particulate pollution exposure alone, in
the presence of a normal diet, may lead
to an increase in fat cell size and number,
and also have a pro inflammatory effect.
Experimental results also suggest a
high fat diet may exacerbate the health
effects of inhaled PM2.5; this means
obese people may be at increased risk.
Mice breathing PM2.5 and eating a
high-fat diet developed IR, systemic
inflammation, and increased abdominal
fat, compared with mice eating the
same diet but breathing filtered
air31. This mechanism directly ties a
known inflammatory mechanism in
the pathogenesis of type 2 diabetes to
exposure to environmental air pollution;
the inflammatory damage likely creates
a vicious cycle that can also contribute
to cardiovascular disease and obesity. I n
addition, studies have recently reported
that small increases in urban ambient
PM2.5 can decrease insulin sensitivity in
healthy subjects32, suggesting that PM2.5
may contribute to metabolic syndrome
and to the progression from metabolic
syndrome to diabetes.
From page 15
‘All of the mice exposed
to air pollution, including
those fed a normal diet, had
increased abdominal and
Dr Peter Dingle is a researcher, educator and public health advocate.
He has a PhD in the field of environmental toxicology and is not a
The New Basement Tapes:
Lost On The River
The current unearthing of the
extraordinarily prolific Bob Dylan’s
unreleased material has seen an avalanche
of “new” material, most notably the recent
six disc Basement Tapes Complete set.
But just when you thought it was safe to
consider your collection complete, along
comes the discovery of pages of lyrics that
had received no musical coupling!
The New Basement Tapes: Lost On
The River is an album’s worth of these,
put together with music written and
performed by a selection of fairly famous
fans including Elvis Costello and Marcus
Mumford of Mumford And Sons.
The grainy vocals and sepia toned
instrumentation – plucked violins, rattling
drumskins, reverb-drenched piano tinkles
create a ghostly, backwoods, swampy
feel while the variation in voices provides
a constantly intriguing melodic shift, the
highlights including Taylor Goldsmith’s
stunning Card Shark and Jim James’ dark
album opener, Down On The Bottom.
The vocal ace up their sleeves, though, is
Rhiannon Giddens of the Carolina Chocolate
Drops, a dead ringer for the fiery Grace Slick,
who scorches songs like Spanish Mary with
her searing voice and passionate delivery.
T-Bone Burnett’s production, as always,
is absolutely spot on – rustic and rusty.
You can almost hear the Woodstock cabin
floorboards creaking as these simple,
satisfying grooves are laid down.
Interestingly, the lyrics themselves are
the least interesting facet – they really were
the scribbled notes on his back pages that
didn’t quite make the cut – but, musically,
this disparate group of individuals has met
in a room and created something special
that captures a time whose spirit allowed
musical magic and spontaneity to occur on
a regular basis.
Relaxed and richly evocative.
Paul Kelly Presents
The Merri Soul Sessions
Paul Kelly, Clairy Browne, Dan Sultan, Kira
Puru, Vika and Linda Bull
Being the self assured songwriter that he
is – unquestionably, one of Australia’s best
and most loved – Paul Kelly decided on this
latest outing to bring a soul-style revue of
singers to perform his newies.
Enlisting a bunch of old mates of the
ilk of Vika and Linda Bull and Dan Sultan
to handle most of the vocal duties, as well
as leaving a couple for himself, he’s put
together a crack team of players and singers
and come up with the goods yet again.
The album gets off to a strong start
with Linda Bull steaming the pot on the
slow burning Smells Like Rain and events
proceed from there in like manner.
Sister Vika Bull tears it up with Sweet
Guy, delivering an understated but direct
emotional exploration of a heart done bad,
while Kelly himself shows once more that
he’s got a way with a melody and a natural
knack for nailing it in one.
Recorded over a couple of weeks in
a relaxed homespun atmosphere, the
vibes are good, the friendship and smiles
This is music that stirs your soul, tickles
your dance bone and spreads joy in your
Unpretentious and instantly enjoyable,
it’s a treat from start to finish with not a flat
spot in sight.
Hard not to like really.
0477 915 031
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